Computational Fluid Dynamics

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is a branch of engineering that uses numerical analysis and algorithms to predict and analyse the behaviour of fluids and gases in various systems. 

It is a sophisticated and complex process that involves solving mathematical equations and simulations to understand the fluid dynamics. By using CFD, fire engineers can predict smoke and heat movement throughout buildings, and therefore help to:

  1. Prove that the mechanical and natural venting system meets its design requirements.
  2. Prove that tenable (safe) conditions are maintained in escape routes during evacuation
  3. Prove that smoke logging does not occur in corridors and escape routes
  4. Show the impact of the operation of sprinkler systems on evacuation
  5. Show the impact on occupants of extended travel distances

CFD Benefits

CFD can provide significant benefit to more complex building configurations and result in more flexible design that permit rationalisation to means of escape provisions to what would be required under the standard guidance. Smoke modelling can also be used to show that a smoke ventilation system can achieve an acceptable level of performance.

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Alternatively, you can send us a direct message on Twitter.